NAVY HISTORY - The Pacific War


The 1930’s witnessed the rise of authoritarian elements in several governments around the world from Stalin’s Soviet Union, Italy and Spain’s’ Fascist governments, Nazi German and the Emperor centric militarism of Japan. At these political movements gained power and began to exercise their expansionistic tendencies the League of Nations began to lose any relevance in helping control, mitigate or deter the victimization of vulnerable countries.

In the East Asian sphere, Japan began a ever quickening infiltration into mainland areas with a hobbled China being the main target of Japanese expansion. The Japanese Army grew in political poser and influence and wanted to spread out colonization efforts throughout East and Southeast Asia. The Pacific was an area which British Navy power was in retreat, so resistance was minimal to Japanese moves. As success met success, the Japanese continued to pressure surrounding powers and continued staking out large areas of China cumulating in the rape of Nanking and a drive into the interior intended to eliminate both Mao’s communist forces and Search Results Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalist troops.

These moves caused alarm in consternation in London, Washington, Australia, Canada, and many other countries. In Canada steps were begun to build up coast defences on the west coast in order to build Esquimalt, Vancouver and Prince Rupert into coastal fortress areas in case of Japanese aggression.

1937 February 6 1937 - K. Elizabeth Ohi became the first Japanese woman lawyer when she received her degree from John Marshall Law School in Chicago, IL.
1937 August 1 August–October 1937: the Soviet Union invades the Republic of China in the Xinjiang War (1937)
1937 August 1 August–November 1937: Full-scale fighting erupts throughout northern China, and Japan overcomes initial failures with landings and reinforcements in Shanghai. Before the Battle of Shanghai, the Tokyo government announced that Japan would complete the conquest of Shanghai in three days, and all of China within three months. KMT troops held Shanghai for over three months.
1937 December 1 December 1937: Nanjing Massacre that city is captured and subjected to months of the rampage. The Rape of Nanking resulted in the deaths of up to 300,000 Chinese civilians. This is in line with the Three Alls Policy: kill all, burn all, loot all.
1938 April 1 April, 1938: Chinese Nationalists gain a major victory over Japanese forces in Shantung province.
1938 June 1 June, 1938: The Japanese advance along the Yellow River is halted by the breaking of dams by the Chinese. The surprise flood kills many Japanese but also as many as 1,000,000 civilians.
1938 July 1 July, 1938: Japanese forces provoke a battle with the Soviets at Lake Hassan in Manchukuo. The Soviets handily defeat the Japanese.
1938 October 1 October, 1938: The Japanese Central China Army captures Hankow, ending their advance up the Yangtze River. Landings near Hong Kong capture Canton, cutting off of the Chinese Nationalists from ocean ports.
1938 November 1 November, 1938: The New Order for East Asia is declared by Japan. This declaration of Japanese plans for dominance of East Asia further deteriorates their relations with western nations.
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The Year in Pictures

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Cite Article : Reference: www.navyhistory/sections/Ships/Minesweepers/HMCS_Courtenay.html

Source: NA